, Volume: 16( 8)
Influence of Ionic Strength on Hydrophobic Interactions in Water: Dependence on Solute Size and Shape
- Elyna MarlinEditorial office, Organic Chemistry: An Indian Journal, Hampshire UK, E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August-05-2022, Manuscript No. tsoc-22-75155; Editor assigned: August-07-2022, PreQC No.tsoc-tsoc-22-75155 (PQ); Reviewed: August-09-2022, QC No. tsoc-22-75155 (Q); Revised: August-14-2022, Manuscript No. tsoc-22-75155 (R); Published: August-25-2022, DOI: 10.37532/0974-7516.2022.16 (3).1-2
Citation: Elyna Marlin Hydrocarbons are separated and purified using porous materials. Org. chem.: Indian J. 2022; 16(3):1-2
The phenomena of hydrophobicity is crucial to biology, chemistry, and biochemistry. It is described as the interaction of low solubility nonpolar molecules or groups with water. Numerous water-related processes, such as complexation, surfactant aggregation, and coagulation, are impacted by hydrophobic interactions. These interactions are crucial for the development and maintenance of proteins or biological membranes. Biology, chemistry, and biochemistry all place a high value on hydrophobicity. It is described as having a poor affinity for water or even as some molecules or compounds avoiding it. There are several processes in an aqueous solution that include hydrophobic contacts, including complexation, surfactant aggregation, and coagulation. Hydrophobic interactions are defined as watermediated interactions of hydrophobic particles in an aqueous environment.
Hydrocarbon separation, Metal-organic frameworks, Porous organic frameworks, Porous materials zeolites
The development and stability of proteins, biological membranes, and micelles depend heavily on hydrophobic interactions. The development of gas clathrates, molecular recognition, and detergency are all significantly impacted by hydrophobic effects. Hydrophobic interactions are thought to be crucial for the beginning of the protein-folding process . The protein fragment with the most nonpolar residues is thought to undergo one of the early stages of this process, and hydrophobic interactions result in protein folding .
Van der Waals interactions take happen between nonpolar molecules and some specific modifications in water structure when hydrophobic interactions take place . There are fewer water particles in contact with the molecules as they get closer to one another. Additionally, these structural alterations considerably add to free energy. Solvent-induced interactions include hydrophobic interactions. In this context, the free energy of association or alternatively changes in the free energy as a function of the separation between two nonpolar molecules in an aqueous solution could be used to define hydrophobicity . Hydrophobicity is significantly influenced by temperature, size, and shape of the interacting particles. For tiny molecules at normal temperature, the entropy contribution dominates hydrophobic effects; however, for larger molecules, the enthalpic term predominates . Small nonpolar particles are more and less soluble in water as the temperature rises and as the temperature falls. At higher temperatures, the entropy term is also less important than the energetic one .
- Leffler WL. Petroleum refining in nontechnical language. Tulsa, OK: PennWell; 2000 Jan.
- Cui H, Chen S, Arman H et al. A microporous metal-organic framework of SQL topology for C2H2/CO2 separation. Inorganica Chimica Acta. 2019 Sep 1; 495:118938.
- Yang SQ, Zhou L, He Y et al. Two-Dimensional Metal-Organic Framework with Ultrahigh Water Stability for Separation of Acetylene from Carbon Dioxide and Ethylene. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2022 Jul 12; 14(29):33429-37.
- Ediger V?. An integrated review and analysis of the multi-energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables. Energy Procedia. 2019 Jan 1; 156:2-6.
- Faramawy S, Zaki T, Sakr AE. Natural gas origin, composition, and processing: A review. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 2016 Aug 1; 34:34-54.
- Baker RW, Lokhandwala K. Natural gas processing with membranes: an overview. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2008 Apr 2; 47(7):2109-21.
- Sadrameli SM. Thermal/catalytic cracking of liquid hydrocarbons for the production of olefins: A state-of-the-art review II: Catalytic cracking review. Fuel. 2016 Jun 1; 173:285-97.