Microfluidics- An Emerging Technology; Its Types and ApplicationsAuthor(s): Sawera Nayyab, Isha Ishtiaq*, Sana Shahzadi
Microfluidics has become the most sophisticated technology in the field of science and medicine. It exhibits several characteristics that attract the attention of researchers. The advantages of this fluid flow technology on miniaturized devices have urged scientists to study it. Microfluidic innovation is an empowering innovation for Lab-On-a-Chip (LOC) tests as it permits high portability and adaptability. Microfluidics has emerged as a powerful way to do it in vitro cell systems, sometimes called "organ-on-chip" or "body on a chip", which mimics the in vivo environment. There are many types of microfluidics being used in different areas of research. Applications of microfluidics are in the sector of medicine as well as in industry. Microfluidics has also been used in many biological assays, in which the most important and active area is nucleic acid amplification-based LAMP (Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification). This review describes some main types of microfluidics and its applications in various fields.