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Sports Doping Top Open Access Journals

In competitive sports, doping is that the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors. The term doping is widely employed by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The utilization of medicine to reinforce performance is taken into account unethical, and thus prohibited, by most international sports organizations, including the International Olympic Committee. Furthermore, athletes (or athletic programs) taking explicit measures to evade detection exacerbate the moral violation with overt deception and cheating. Top Open access (OA) may be a set of principles and a variety of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, freed from cost or other access barriers. With open access strictly defined (according to the 2001 definition), or libre open access, barriers to copying or reuse also are reduced or removed by applying an open license for copyright. The most focus of the open access movement is "peer reviewed research literature." Historically, this has centered mainly on print-based academic journals. Whereas conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls like subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges, open-access journals are characterised by funding models which don't require the reader to pay to read the journal's contents. Open access are often applied to all or any sorts of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.  

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