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Pricing decision of closed loop supply Chains in hybrid recycling channels by different market powers under fuzzy environment

Author(s): Subo Xu, Jiayi Sun, Chunxian Teng, Mujing Wei

According to the hybrid recycling closed-supply chain system composed of one manufacturer and one retailer, the manufacturer and the retailer simultaneously recycle waste products in the consumer market. Under decentralized decision-making conditions, build the closed-loop supply chain game model of different market powers and centralized decision-making model, give the decision variable values respectively, and confirm the conclusion of this paper through numerical example. It showed that the centralized decisions are always superior to decentralized decisions. In decentralized decisions, structure without leader is superior to the retailer-oriented structure which is at the same time superior to the manufacturer-oriented structure. But a structure without a leader is unstable so that the manufacturer and the retailer all compete for being the leader. With the increase of recovery and utilization rate, the whole expected profits of the manufacturer, the retailer and the supply chain also increase.

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