Plastic Waste Valorisation.Author(s): Amelia Williams
Wastes are considered useful feedstock in the circular economy, since they can be used to make fertilisers, fuels, chemicals, and a range of materials for packaging, housing, transportation, and clothing. Plastics are responsible for a significant portion of the waste generated by our society today, which is a major issue. Plastics are typically synthetic polymers that are resistant to decomposition and, as a result, are prone to accumulating in landfills or the atmosphere when they are discarded.Since not all plastics can be reused, their economic value is reduced. Plastics have the potential to release toxic chemicals that are harmful to human health and the environment. Plastic products are pervasive in our daily lives, accounting for about 360 million tonnes of global plastic production in 2018, of which more than 60% were discarded.As a result, plastic contamination is important, resulting in microplastics being deposited in soil, seas, crustaceans, and rain.