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Physicochemical Characteristics of Soil Supporting to the Growth of Wheat, Jowar and Maize Crop Plants from Baramati Tehsil Dist. Pune, Maharashtra, India

Author(s): Shete RS*, Torane SN, Patil VS, Chavan SJ and Mali BS

The soil test based nutrient management has emerged as a key issue in efforts to increase agriculture productivity. In the present investigation study focus on the physicochemical analysis of a soil from crop fields in Baramati Tehsil region. Total 30 soil samples collected from 15 sites during December 2020 to February 2021. Collected soil samples from crop fields analyzed for parameters like soil pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Organic Carbon (OC), available Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Sodium (Na), Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3 ) and micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn). All site soil samples in crop fields pH shows moderately alkaline to strong alkaline. Maximum site crop field’s soil samples show average electrical conductivity some sites soil samples show more than average electrical conductivity. Organic carbon fluctuates ranges from ≥ 1.00 ≤ 0.81-1.00 ≤ 0.51-0.80 ≤ 0.41-0.50 ≤ 0.21 to 0.40. Nitrogen content shows ≥ 140-280 ≥ 140, Phosphorus content shows ≤ 8-14, ≤ 7.00, kg/hector Potassium content ≥ 300 kg/hector shows in all sites and abundant in amount. All sites crop field’s soils shows luxuriant amount of sodium content. CaCO3 content shows medium to abundance in quantity in all sites. In case of micronutrients analysis shows as low ranges of Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu in ppm all sites crop field’s soil samples. In modern agriculture excess use of chemical fertilizers affects the pH, EC, organic carbon, N, P, K, Na and CaCO3 . More than average 1.00 electrical conductivity which are harmful for germination. Due to overdose of chemical fertilizers its affects soil fertility resulted to decreases crop yields production.

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