On the measure of regional differences between the supply levels of local public goods of the people's livelihood

Author(s): Yang Yi, Zhu Juan, Zhou Decai, Zhang Yuanzhen

Since the system of tax distribution reform has been put in, the supply of local public goods has been under the spotlight. Local public goodsmostly belong to people’s livelihood public goods, the supply is closely related to the vital interests of citizens in jurisdiction.Most of the research conclusion on the supply of local livelihood public goods is consistent: there exists major regional discrepancy. But research on how to judge the discrepancy extent, how to scale the level of supplying in different regions and how to find the critical influencing factor are few. This paper wants to solve these problems, so uses SPSS to process factor analysis to grade the supply level of local livelihood public goods inChina’s 30 provinces (not including Tibet) and researches into the critical influencing factors. To verify the methods the paper selects 16 indicators which include social security, education, sanitation, technology and infrastructure in city and countryside etc to assess these differences. The paper’s core innovation lies in scoring the supply level of local livelihood public goods of different provinces and finding the critical influencing factorswhich is newcomparedwith previous work. Based on these influencing factors this paper suggests howto supply local public goods harmoniously and efficiently. These suggestions are very important to narrow down the difference between regions and town and countryside.

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