Genetics and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Warren Parks
The information molecule is DNA. It stores instructions for the production of larger molecules known as proteins. These instructions are stored within each of your cells and are distributed across 46 long structures known as chromosomes. These chromosomes are composed of thousands of shorter DNA segments known as genes. The molecule found inside cells that contains the genetic information necessary for an organism's development and function. DNA molecules enable this information to be passed down from generation to generation.