Environmental management: A survey industrial establishments in the region gharb- chrarda beni hssen

Author(s): L.El Yemli, M.Sobh, M.Aouan, R.Bengueddour

Taking into account the effects of industrial activity on the environment is a recent phenomenon on the scale of development of industrial societies. InMorocco, itwas not until 2009 that the collective consciousness of environmental issues grows widely, whether in politics or in civil society following the development project of the National Charter environment and development[1] The Morocco has gradually in recent years laws and regulations for the protection of the environment (air, water,waste), in addition to theGoverning Council adopted in January 2014, the draft framework law99-12 concerning the national Charter for environment and Sustainable development. This newenvironmental charter covers very broad areas such as industrial pollution, deforestation, or coastal erosion. This article presents the results of a survey conducted by the Laboratory for Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Tofail - Morocco. The purpose of this study is tomeasure and explain the different degrees of involvement of companies in environmental management approach within the region of Gharb- Chrarda Beni Hssen, the study covers more than 313 industrial enterprises the region. Stages of the implementation of the survey are described and analyzed, namely, the definition of objectives, the composition of the sample, the preparation of the questionnaire, the organization and implementation of the survey itself, encoding results and analysis thereof. Analysis of the results reveals the existing problems in the environmentalmanagement and identifies proposed solutions. The results show that, despite a collective awareness of environmental issues, environmental risks are managed significantly only in a few companies. If regulators and values of leaders guide establishments primarily towardsmanaging more “responsible”, the complexity of regulations and lack of information seems to explain the observed slowing of voluntary environmental initiatives. Costs, lack of human and financial resources, and low perception of the immediate benefits seem, indeed, constitute barriers to the pursuit of more ambitious environmental actions. Thus, environmental riskmanagement becomesmore like an expensive way to legitimize and perpetuate the activities as an economic or competitive opportunity.

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