The keys of optimized improvement in basketball training and competitive organization system are development of environment and construction thought of the whole system. During the study, a specific process has been done to explore the basketball training form in todayÂs China at first. The process will be presented in three different angles as vertical structure of basketball organization system, level division of basketball training organization and three level organization analysis of basketball training. And it is be able clear the existing current statue of management processes in basketball competition training. At the same time, the problems existing in development process of today's society can be fully reflected. Secondly, a deeper study based on horizontal structure analysis process of China's basketball training organization system has been done. This study would be presented in two aspects as the appearing historical background of the "three systems" horizontal integration and "Sports and social systems" horizontal structural analysis in adulthood. Finally a deeper exploration about the latest mode of basketball training organization optimized configuration and conceive of basketball training organization system optimization configuration in China has been done. This exploration points out the optimized configuration process of the system and the specific aspects of structure optimization. It also offers a strong guarantee to make the study purpose more clearly. From the process of this study, the study thoughts and study purpose can be presented. This provides the powerful help to the science and rationality during the explored process.