Objective: To explore the curative effect of Taijiquan for treating scapulohumeral periarthritis. 202 scapulohumeral periarthritis patientswere divided into Taijiquan group and control group randomly. The Taijiquan group takes twomonths Taijiquan exercises in addition to the conventional therapy, control group accept the conventional treatment.. To evaluate the effect bymeasuring the shouldermobility, the effective rate, the recurrence rate. The clinical symptoms of two groups improved. Compared to the control group, the effective rate and the shoulder mobility of Taijiquan group was higher, the recurrence ratewas lower, the shoulder pain improve the situation is better than the control group. Taijiquan exercise can help to improve the clinical symptoms and physical characteristics of the scapulohumeral periarthritis patients and improve the function of their shoulder; it had certain adjuvant therapy effect and value of popularization for periarthritis of shoulder patients.