In this paper, we focus on the problem of new energy industry competitiveness evaluation, which is of great importance in modern society development, and governments have paid more and more attentions on this problem. The analytic hierarchy process algorithm can compute a priority of the importance of each alternative. Hence, an overall object is located at the top level, and the criteria in the middle level can represent the overall object. In order to evaluate competitiveness of the new energy industry, we set up an index system. Particularly, the proposed index system consists of three levels, and the top level contains ÂTechnical efficiency evaluationÂ, and ÂComprehensive environmental assessmentÂ. To testify effectiveness of the proposed method, we collect the new energy industry information from eight provinces of China. For each province, the data for eighteen indexes are obtained, and index weights are calculated by the analytic hierarchy process algorithm. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can effectively evaluate new energy industry competitiveness for a given region.