Through the application of several scientific methods such as expert consulting, hierarchy analytic approach, and experiments and so on, this paper constructs the assessing index system about volleyball consciousness, so as to promote the formation and development of volleyball athletes' or students' consciousness. The index system includes three secondindex, such as servicing, receiving and attacking, and defending and attacking consciousness. The servicing consciousness includes five third-index, attacking, accuracy, purpose, flexibility, and variety. The receiving and attacking consciousness includes four third-index, dig pass, setting pass, spiking, and coordination consciousness. The defending and attacking consciousness includes blocking, dig pass, setting pass, spiking and coordination consciousness. The experiment comfirms that it has good internal reliability coefficient, and the results are reliable, the assessment method is effective.