Under the pressure from government's increasingly stringent environmental policies and the driving force of internal interests, the implementation of green supply chain management is the only way for enterprise sustainable development. In the grid enterprise, assets structure and operating cost is closely related to materials, effect of material management plays a larger impact on corporate profits. Grid supplies has these features of big demand, strong compatibility, high requirements of time limit, which determines enterprise material management must establish material supply chain system. As the core enterprise supply chain of grid companies, they can play an important role on integration of upstream and downstream resources, and implementation of green supply chain on the overall efficiency. This paper combines the actual conditions of grid material supply chain management, for grid enterprises provide certain reference materials of green supply chain optimization from theoretical perspective to explore its goal, contents and system architecture of green optimization of grid material supply chain.