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Open Access Modern Organic Chemistry

The Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, has given the most extensive archive of examination in science and related sciences for more than 100 years. CAS advancements have energized concoction research through improvement of the CAS Registry SM and CAS databases which contain significant data for substance researchers, including SciFinder and STN. The disposal of large amount of polymer waste is one of the major challenges of this century. Use of bio-degradable polymers obtained from sustainable sources presents a solution to this problem. Poly lactic acid (PLA), a bio-degradable polymer, can be synthesized from sustainable sources as corn, starch, sugarcane and chips. Ring opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide monomer using metal/bimetallic catalyst (Sn, Zn or Al) is the preferred method for synthesis of PLA. However, the PLA synthesized using such catalysts may contain trace elements of the catalyst. These catalyst traces are known carcinogens and as such should be (ideally) eliminated from the process. Continuous reactive extrusion of lactide monomer (using the suitable reaction input has the potential to increase the throughput, and this route has been explored in the literature. In this work, reactive extrusion experiments using stannous octoate Sn(Oct)2 and tri-phenyl phosphine (PPh)3, were considered to perform ROP of lactide monomer using the microwave as an alternative energy (AE) source for activating and/or boosting the polymerization (Figure 1). Implementation of a microwave generator in a section of the extruder is one of the novelties of this research 

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