Assessment on Municipal Solid Waste Released, Management and Recycling in Supply Chain in Major Three Cities of NepalAuthor(s): Kattel Rishi Ram, M. Nepal
In Nepal solid waste management is one of the major envi- ronmental issues, especially in the urban areas. While solid waste management (SWM) has become a major concern for municipalities and the country as a whole, the status of SWM is not fully understood due to the lack of SWM baseline data, which are also essential for effective planning. On the other hand plastics based waste management and recycling activities in the major cities of Nepal has not adopted in the sustain- able manner. Such a back drop, this research attempts to as- sess the plastic waste released, management and recycling in supply chain in three cities in February to August, 2018. This study revealed that about 47% household segregate their HH waste which is fund higher in Hetauda (83.8%), followed by Bharatpur (46.9%) and Butwal (28.6%). About 6.7% HHs have had public waste collection bin nearby their home where- as 71.1% surveyed HHs have had knowledge on solid waste management. About 40% HHs heard of importance of plastic waste recycling and majority (91%) express their readiness to segregate the plastic solid waste if recycling program is set up in municipal area. It revealed that 49% HHs concern about effect of human health and 40% concern the effect on envi- ronment from solid waste whereas 68.9% HH have preferred door-to-door type of waste disposal system. Furthermore, public awareness and private sectors involvement mechanism should be promoted for reduce, reuse, reduce and recycle (4R) of plastic waste as well as participatory market system development of solid waste in supply chain management though involvement of all concerned stakeholders.