Substandard And Counterfeit Medicines Scholarly Journal

Substandard medicines are authentic products that fail to satisfy either their quality standards or specifications whereas falsified medicines are inauthentic products that deliberately misrepresent their identity, composition, or source (WHO 2017b). Substandard medicines are often a consequence of producing errors, inadequate storage, or poor distribution practices. Falsified medicines are generally produced deliberately for economic exploitation. It should be noted it's going to not be apparent from analytical results alone whether the determined quality deviations of an SF medicine were manufactured deliberately or arose from errors or neglect. The drug substance (or active pharmaceutical ingredient) of a substandard or falsified medicine could also be absent, present in insufficient amounts, or substituted with a special drug substance. Sophisticated falsified medicines may incorporate cutting agents to dilute the strength of the claimed drug substance employing a different chemical of related structure. The foremost blatant falsified medicines conceal their identity using the authentic packaging of the targeted product.

An academic or scholarly journal may be a periodical publication during which scholarship concerning a specific academic discipline is published. Academic journals function permanent and transparent forums for the presentation, scrutiny, and discussion of research. They're usually peer-reviewed or refereed. Content typically takes the shape of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The aim of a tutorial journal, consistent with Henry Oldenburg (the first editor of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society), is to offer researchers a venue to "impart their knowledge to at least one another, and contribute what they will to the Grand design of improving natural knowledge, and perfecting all Philosophical Arts, and Sciences.

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