Anatomic Pathology Impact Factor

 Anatomical pathology or Anatomic pathology is a medical science that's involved in the study of gross, microscopic, chemical, and medical specialty that deals with molecular examination of organs, tissues, and infrequently whole bodies (autopsy). Italian national Giovan Battista Morgagni from Forlì was the pioneer to start this study. Anatomical pathology is one of the branches of pathology that studies the root cause of a particular disease with the help of laboratory analysis of bodily fluids and/or tissues. Often, pathologists follow anatomical and clinical pathology, a mix referred to as general pathology. Similar specialties exist in veterinary pathology. Anatomic pathology relates to the process, examination, and designation of surgical specimens by a doctor trained in pathological sciences. Clinical pathology is a division that processes diagnostic needs like vegetative cell counts, natural action studies, urinalysis, blood sugar level determinations and throat cultures. Its subsections embody chemistry, hematology, biology, immunology, diagnosing and bank. The procedures utilized in anatomic pathology include: • Gross examination - the examination of pathologic tissues with the optic. This is often necessary for giant tissue fragments, as a result of the illness will typically be visually known. In addition to this step, the medical specialist selects areas that may be processed for histopathology. The attention will typically be on power-assisted with a hand glass light microscope or a stereo microscope, particularly once examining parasitic organisms. • Histopathology - the microscopic examination of stained tissue sections victimization histologic techniques. The quality stains area unit haematoxylin and resorcinolphthalein, however several others exist. The utilization of haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides to supply specific diagnoses supported morphology is taken into account to the core ability of anatomic pathology. The science of staining tissues sections is termed histochemistry. • Immunohistochemistry - the utilization of antibodies to discover the presence, abundance, and localization of specific proteins. This system is important in identifying the disorders with similar morphology, additionally as characterizing the molecular properties of sure cancers. Once the probe is tagged with dyestuff, the technique is termed FISH. • Cytopathology - The examinations of loose cells unfolds and stained on glass slides victimization biology techniques. • Electron research - the examination of tissue with a microscope that permits abundant larger magnification, enabling the visualization of organelles inside the cells. Tissue cytology –helps in the visualization of chromosomes to spot the genetic science defects like body translocation. • Flow immunophenotyping - the determination of the immunophenotype of cells victimization flow cytometry techniques. ItÂ’s terribly helpful to diagnose the various sorts of cancer and malignant neoplastic disease.  

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