Short commentary, Volume: 11( 1)
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
- R Swaminathan
Department of Chemistry, 57 Ullswater Avenue West End Southampton Hampshire UKS018 3QS
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 05, 2021; Accepted: January 20, 2021; Published: January 30, 2021
AbstractBiosensors and Bioelectronics is the premier international publication dedicated to biosensor and bioelectronics research, development, and application. Biosensors are analytical devices that include a biological material (e.g. tissue, microorganisms, organelles, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids, etc.), a biologically derived material, or a biomimic that is intimately associated with or integrated within a physicochemical transducer or transducing microsystem, which can be optical, electrochemical, thermometric, piezoelectric, or other. Biosensors typically produce a digital electrical signal proportional to the concentration of a single analyte or a group of analytes. While the signal may be continuous in theory, devices can be set up to produce single measurements to fulfil specific market needs. Biosensors have been used to solve a wide range of analytical problems in medicine, the environment, food, the process industry, security, and defence.
Graphene; XRD; Electrochemical exfoliation; Spectroscopy
Biosensors are electronic devices that turn a biological response into a signal. Biosensors must be very specific, independent of physical variables like pH and temperature, and reusable. Biosensors are made up of a variety of components, including transducing devices, enzymes, antibodies, and materials Enzyme-based, tissue-based, immunosensors, DNA biosensors, thermal, and piezoelectric biosensors are examples of biosensors used in medical and other fields. Biosensors and their applications in medicine, such as early detection of human interleukin-10, which causes heart disease, and quick detection of the human papillomavirus. Biosensors are increasingly widely used in biomedical diagnostics, as well as a variety of other applications such as treatment and illness progression monitoring at the point of care, environmental monitoring, food safety, drug discovery, forensics, and biomedical research. Biosensors can be developed using a wide variety of ways. Their combination with highaffinity biomolecules allows them to detect a wide range of analytes in a sensitive and selective manner. We provide an overview of biosensors and bio sensing technology. Optical biosensors represent the most common type of biosensor. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based optical biosensors, including SPR imaging and localized SPR, are the most extensively utilised optical biosensors. anescent wave fluorescence and bioluminescent optical fibre biosensors, as well as interferometric, ellipsometric, and reflectometric interference spectroscopy and surface-enhanced Raman scattering biosensors, Wearable biosensors are generating a lot of buzz because of their ability to deliver continuous, real-time physiological data via dynamic, noninvasive assessments of biochemical markers in biofluids like sweat, tears, saliva, and interstitial fluid.
The research should concentrate on the mechanism of interaction between nanomaterials and biomolecules on the surface of electrodes or nanofilms, as well as innovative features that can be used to create a new generation of biosensors. Modified tissue/cells in general, ex cells, hormones, drugs, and poison.