Chemical Characterization Of The Essential Oil Of The Floral Bud Of Pequi (Caryocar Brasiliense Camb)

Author(s): David Lee Nelson, Maria Carolina Silva Marques, Maria das Gracas Cardoso, Vanisse de Fatima Silva, Manuel Losada Gavilanes, Fabiana Rezende Muniz

This paper describes the isolation of the essential oil from the floral bud of Caryocar brasiliense (“pequi”) by steam distillation. The chemical characterization was performed by mass spectrophotometry coupled with gas chromatography. Eudesmol (39.18%), 2-methyl-3-hydroxypropanoic acid (4.35%), 2-(3-bromopropyl)-cyclohexanone (2.48%) and cis-farnesol (3.98%) were detected in the essential oil of the floral bud. The essential oil content was 0.06%.

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