Biological Effects of Nanoparticle Size, Shape, and Surface Chemistry SystemsAuthor(s): Stefan Paul
Nanotechnology is defined as "the design, characterization, manufacture, and use of structures, electronics, and systems at the nanoscale" (100 nm). Understanding the interactions between nanoparticles and biological systems is extremely important. These foundational findings will serve as a foundation for developing nanoscale gadgets in the future. We discuss the rationales for these investigations, as well as the present state of research into the interactions of nanomaterials with biological systems and the long-term consequences of these discoveries.