Bioactivity and chemical quality of Ammodaucus leucotrichus ssp. leucotrichus Coss. & Durieu essential oils from Morocco

Author(s): Alaoui Moulay Sidi Brahim, Satrani Badr, Ghanmi Mohamed, Aafi Abderrahman, Amusant Nadine, El Antry Salwa, Chaouch Abdelaziz

As part of the valorization of medicinal and aromatic plants in South Morocco, we studied the effect of provenance on the yield, chemical composition and antibacterial and antifungal activity of essential oils ofAmmodaucus leucotrichus subsp. leucotrichus. The essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation of the fruits were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The most abundant compounds identified varied depending on the origin of the plant: perillaldehyde (69.9%to 88.7%), limonene (8.3%to 16.6%) and á-pinene (1.4%to 7.1%). The oils analyzed all displayed strong antimicrobial activity against all the microorganisms tested.

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