Substandard And Counterfeit Medicines Scientific Journals

Substandard medicines are authentic products that fail to satisfy either their quality standards or specifications whereas falsified medicines are inauthentic products that deliberately misrepresent their identity, composition, or source (WHO 2017b). Substandard medicines are often a consequence of producing errors, inadequate storage, or poor distribution practices. Falsified medicines are generally produced deliberately for economic exploitation. It should be noted it's going to not be apparent from analytical results alone whether the determined quality deviations of an SF medicine were manufactured deliberately or arose from errors or neglect. The drug substance (or active pharmaceutical ingredient) of a substandard or falsified medicine could also be absent, present in insufficient amounts, or substituted with a special drug substance. Sophisticated falsified medicines may incorporate cutting agents to dilute the strength of the claimed drug substance employing a different chemical of related structure. The foremost blatant falsified medicines conceal their identity using the authentic packaging of the targeted product.

In academic publishing, a scientific journal may be a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Articles in scientific journals are mostly written by active scientists like students, researchers and professors rather than professional journalists. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and lots of more are published at various points within the past (see list of scientific journals). Most journals are highly specialized, although a number of the oldest journals like Nature publish articles and scientific papers across a good range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, in an effort to make sure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Although scientific journals are superficially almost like professional magazines, they're actually quite different.

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