Substandard And Counterfeit Medicines Research Articles

Substandard medicines are authentic products that fail to satisfy either their quality standards or specifications whereas falsified medicines are inauthentic products that deliberately misrepresent their identity, composition, or source (WHO 2017b). Substandard medicines are often a consequence of producing errors, inadequate storage, or poor distribution practices. Falsified medicines are generally produced deliberately for economic exploitation. It should be noted it's going to not be apparent from analytical results alone whether the determined quality deviations of an SF medicine were manufactured deliberately or arose from errors or neglect. The drug substance (or active pharmaceutical ingredient) of a substandard or falsified medicine could also be absent, present in insufficient amounts, or substituted with a special drug substance. Sophisticated falsified medicines may incorporate cutting agents to dilute the strength of the claimed drug substance employing a different chemical of related structure. The foremost blatant falsified medicines conceal their identity using the authentic packaging of the targeted product.

A research article may be a primary source that is, it reports the methods and results of an ingenious study performed by the authors. The type of study may vary (it could are an experiment, survey, interview, etc.), but altogether cases, data are collected and analyzed by the authors, and conclusions drawn from the results of that analysis. Research articles follow a specific format. Search for a quick introduction will often include a review of the prevailing literature on the subject studied, and explains the rationale of the author's study. This is often important because it demonstrates that the authors are conscious of exisiting studies, and are getting to contribute to the present existing body of research during a meaningful way (that is, they are not just doing what others have already done).

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