Neonatal Complications Impact Factor

Survival for extremely premature infants has increased significantly during the last two decades. Complications of prematurity are becoming more common as more survivors are spending time in newborn intensive care units (NICUs). Infants of diabetic mothers are prone to various neonatal adverse outcomes, including metabolic and hematologic disorders, respiratory distress, cardiac disorders, and neurologic impairment due to perinatal asphyxia and birth traumas, among others. Macrosomia is the most constant consequence of diabetes and its severity is mainly influenced by maternal blood glucose level. Neonatal hypoglycemia is the main metabolic disorder that should be prevented as soon as possible after birth.

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