Geographic information system (GIS) refers to a system that is designed to capture, store, manipulate and analyse geographical data. This type of information system is used for planning and designing layout for land use and management. The data collected and stored by the GIS can be used for varied purposes ranging from transport, disease-outbreak analysis, draught analysis, land occupancy, etc. Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results. Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications. The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.

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