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Codon

 A codon may be a sequence of three DNA or RNA nucleotides that corresponds with a selected aminoalkanoic acid or stop signal during protein synthesis. DNA and RNA molecules are written during a language of 4 nucleotides; meanwhile, the language of proteins includes 20 amino acids.

Each codon consists of three nucleotides, usually like one aminoalkanoic acid and they  are abbreviated with the letters A, U, G and C.

Each nucleotide triplet (called a codon) specifies a specific aminoalkanoic acid . Thus, a nucleotide sequence within the DNA specifies a protein as long as a messenger RNA molecule is produced from that DNA sequence. Each region of the DNA sequence specifying a protein during this way is named a gene. 

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