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, Volume: 19( 11)

Radioactive Chemicals and its Effects

Cem Erdogan Department of Energy, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, E-mail:

Received: November 09, 2021; Accepted: November 23, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021

Citation: Erdogan C, Radioactive Chemicals and its Effects. Int J Chem Sci. 2021;19 (11):414.


Normally happening radioactive materials (NORM) and innovatively upgraded normally happening radioactive materials (TENORM) comprise of materials, generally modern squanders or side-effects enhanced with radioactive components found in the climate, like uranium, thorium and plutonium and any of their rot items, like radium and radon. Created water releases and spills are a genuine instance of entering NORMs into the general climate


Normal radioactive components exist in Earth's outer layer in extremely low fixations, and are brought to the surface through human activities such as oil and gas exploration or mining, as well as normal cycles such as radon gas spills into the environment or disintegration in ground water. Coal debris delivered from coal-fired power plants is another example of TENORM. Assuming that radioactivity is much higher than the background level, dealing with TENORM could cause problems in a variety of ventures and transportation.

Natural gas and oil when supplied liquids from repositories transport sulphates up to the outer layer of the Earth's covering, TENORM and additionally NORM are formed. The term "diffuse NORM" is used in a few places, including North Dakota. Barium, calcium, and strontium sulphates are larger mixes, and smaller iotas, such as radium-226 and radium-228, can slip into the compound's empty spaces and be transported through the formed liquids. Changes in temperature and strain cause the barium, calcium, strontium, and radium sulphates to encourage out of arrangement and structure scale within, or occasionally on the outside of, the tubulars or potentially packaging as the liquids reach the surface.

If the scale is inside the tubulars and the tubulars remain downhole, the use of NORM contaminated tubulars in the creation interaction does not pose a health risk. Improved radium 226 and 228 groups, as well as small female things like lead-210, may occur in muck that collects in oilfield pits, tanks, and tidal ponds. In gas management exercises, radon gas in flammable gas streams behaves like NORM. Radon rots to lead-210, then bismuth-210, polonium-210, and lead-206 before balancing out. Radon rot components appear as a glossy layer on the inward surface of propylene, ethane, and propane handling frameworks' bay lines, treating units, syphons, and valves.

The NORM characteristics vary depending on the waste concept. NORM may be manufactured in a translucent structure that is weak and thin, causing chipping in tubular. NORM formed in a carbonate framework can have a thickness of 3.5 grams per cubic centimeter, which should be taken into consideration while pressing for transportation. NORM scales might be white or an earthy tint or they can be thick ooze that oozes out of tough, flaky things. NORM can also be detected in the waters used in oil and gas production. Cutting and reaming oilfield pipe, removing sediments from tanks and pits, and rebuilding gas handling equipment could expose workers to particles containing higher levels of alpha-producing radionuclides, which could pose health risks if inhaled or consumer.

Declaration for Conflicts of Interests

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


The authors are grateful to the journal editor and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.




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