Thermal Behavior and Magnetic Properties of Nd-Fe-B Based Exchange Spring Nanocomposites Nd4-xTbxFe83.5Co5Cu0.5Nb1B6 (x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) Melt-Spun RibbonsAuthor(s): Karmaker PC, Liba SI, Saha DK, Hoque SM, Rahman MO, Nordblad P and Dan NH
Co-rich Nd-Fe-B nanocomposite ribbons with Tb substituted have been fabricated by single roller melt spinning technique of Nd4-xTbxFe83.5Co5Cu0.5Nb1B6 (x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1) alloys in an Ar atmosphere at a circumferential speed of 40 m/s. According to the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) traces the nanocomposite samples have been annealed at different temperatures like 675, 687, 700, 712 and 725°C for 10 min. Crystallization behavior was studied by X-ray diffraction in which it was found that the XRD patterns are characterized by broad diffused pattern which demonstrate the amorphous state of materials. The ribbon samples were also characterized by vibration sample magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer spectroscopy at as-cast and annealed condition. Co-rich and Tb substitution has significantly enhanced the value of coercivity (Hc) and maximum energy product (BH)max. Highest value of Hc and (BH)max has been obtained as 2.36 kOe and 6.11 MGOe for the sample annealed at 700°C for 10 min with higher concentration of Tb. The M-H hysteresis loops show extremely soft natures which do not possess any area. We have found reduced remnant ratio (Mr/Ms) up to 0.53 at optimal annealing temperature 700°C. However, with the annealing of the samples in the above mentioned temperature evolution of large coercivity was observed due to the formation of exchange couple hard and soft nanocrystal composites. We have investigated the variation of Curie temperature (Tc) with annealing temperature of the melt spun ribbon samples. Mossbauer spectroscopy was carried out to study the hyperfine parameters such as hyperfine field, hyperfine field distribution for full width half maximum (FWHM) and isomer shift of Fe species of these two phases.