Study of Aluminium Metal in Fabric Dye Effluent Used for Irrigation Purpose in Bikaner City of Rajasthan

Author(s): Suruchi Gupta and Ajay Singh Solanki

Present study is related with Chopra Bari area of Bikaner city, which uses fabric dye effluent for irrigation practices. Generally, aluminium (Al) is used as a mordant in dye to increase the fastness of finished product. In this area, dyers used to dye silk in first quarter of the year, while cotton, wool and fast colour fabrics in second, third and fourth quarters, respectively. Study revealed that aluminium concentration remains toxic in each and every quarter. High concentrations of aluminium limits plant growth and development especially of roots. Root apex seems to be the major target of aluminium toxicity.

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