Parası kalmadığı için otobüse binemiyordur ailesi porno izle ona daha yeni para gönderdiği için tekrar porno istemeye utanınca mecburen otostop çekmek için youporn çantasını alarak yol kenarına gelir etekli porno liseli türk kız yol kenarında dururken yanına yaklaşan porno kibar bir gencin onu gideceği yere kadar bırakmak porno izle istemesine çok mutlu olur arabaya bindiklerinde gideceği yer ile porno arabayı kullanan adamın gittiği yer arasında çok mesafe sex izle farkı olduğunu anlayan türk kız bu yaptığı porno indir iyilik karşısında arabada ona memelerini açar porno sapıklaşan adam yol kenarındaki hotelde durarak porno izle üniversiteli otostop çeken türk kızına odada sakso çektirip sikerNon-focusing mode of plasma focus based alternative technology to synthesize ZnO films for structural and optical properties| Abstract

44 7460 854 031

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Non-focusing mode of plasma focus based alternative technology to synthesize ZnO films for structural and optical properties

Author(s): I A Khan, S A Hussain and R S Rawat

Dense plasma focus (DPF) device is conventionally operated in two modes of operation (i) focus mode and (ii) non-focused. The emanated ions are highly energetic in focused mode than in non-focused mode of operation. In this work, we report the first ever application of non-focus mode of DPF device for the synthesis of ZnO TFs on Si substrates for different number of non-focused deposition shots (NFDS). XRD analysis of unannealed ZnO TFs confirms its growth along (0 0 2) orientation while the annealed ZnO TFs grows along (1 0 0), (0 0 2) and (1 0 0) orientations showing improved crystallinity. The residual stresses in unannealed ZnO TFs are more than in annealed ZnO TFs. The surface morphology of ZnO TFs is strongly associated with increasing number of NFDS as well as annealing temperature. Raman analysis exhibits the development of downshifted E2 (high) and upshifted A1 longitudinal optical (LO) modes centred at 430 cm-1 and 580 cm-1 thereby indicating the presence of tensile residual stress due to mismatch of thermal expansion coefficient of ZnO TF and Si substrate and due to the presence of oxygen vacancies and Zn interstitials, respectively. The XPS study confirms the presence of Zn, Zn-O, C-O, and Zn-OH bonds. The Eg and n of annealed ZnO TFs are found to be 3.30 eV and 1.88, respectively. The synthesis of high quality ZnO TFs by using MHD instability free non-focusing mode of DPF device will open a new alternative synthesis technique for novel materials.


Share this       
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 4955

International Journal of Chemical Sciences received 4955 citations as per Google Scholar report

Indexed In

  • Google Scholar
  • Open J Gate
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Cosmos IF
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Read More

Flyer
Yeni acilan ve cok kazancli olan Matadorbet guncel giris yapip uyelik gerceklestirebilirsiniz.