Feasibility of Biogas Production From Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste of Kurnool City, Andhra Pradesh, India

Author(s): T. Ramachar, M. Umamahesh, D. Nagamouli and B. Arun Babu

With the declining petroleum fuel reserves, the world is looking for the alternate and sustainable energy resource, one of such sustainable sources is Biogas. Biogas refers to the gas generated when putriscible organic matter undergoes anaerobic digestion (AD) in the presence of microorganisms. It is an odourless combustible gas containing 50-70% methane which is combustible, 30-50% carbon dioxide and traces of other gases. In the present study, the amount of putriscible organic content in the Municipal Solid Waste i. e. Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) has been estimated by conducting survey in some selected localities in the Kurnool city. Feasibility of the production of biogas by anaerobic digestion process has been done. In Kurnool city per day 88.18 tons of organic matter is collected from the kitchen, restaurants, hotels and vegetable markets, which is a potential feed stock for the generation of 32,262 m3 biogas per day, which can be used for power production.

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