Effects of the Ferroelectric Nanotube Phase Diagrams and Polar PropertiesAuthor(s): Sudhir Kumar Mishra, Pramendra Ranjan, Dhiraj Kumar and Mrinal Chandra
In this paper, we have studied study the size effects of the ferroelectric nanotube phase diagrams and polar properties allowing for effective surface tension and depolarization field influence. The approximate analytical expression for the paraelectric-ferroelectric transition temperature dependence on the radii of nanotube, polarization gradient coefficient, extrapolation length, surface tension and electrostriction coefficient was derived. It was shown that the transition temperature could be higher than the one of the bulk material for negative electrostriction coefficient. Therefore we predict conservation and enhancement of polarization in long ferroelectric nanotubes. Obtained results explain the observed ferroelectricity conservation and enhancement in Pb (Zr, Ti) O3 and BaTiO3 nanotubes.