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Assessment of Phytochemical and Anti- Microbial Activity of Moringa Oleifera Lam Against Pathogenic Bacteria

Author(s): Y. S. Banginwar, N. S. Bhajipale and S. T. Ingle

Antibacterial activities of aqueous, ethanol, petroleum ether and acetone extract of pod of Moringa oleifera (Shevga) were studied. The aqueous leaf extract of Moringa oleifera showed prominent antibacterial activities against Psedudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium and E. coli., moderate activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi and least activity against Enterobacter aerogens and Proteus vulgaris. The aqueous extract showed maximum the acetone and petroleum ether extract moderate and ethanol extract least antimicrobial activities. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of glucosinolates, phenolic (flavonoids, anthocyanin, cinnamate, proanthocyanidin) leaves contain 4-(aL-rhamnopyranosyloxy) benzylglucosinolate, kaempfrol-3-glycoside sugar, D-Mannose and tannin. These antibacterial properties support its traditional use of leaves and pod in the treatment of enteric infection.

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