Abstract

Structure Simulation and Study of Electronic and Dielectric Properties of Unfluorinated and Fluorinated 1,4 Lactone

Author(s): Kirankumar BM, Nisarga KS, Neethashree DB and Sreepad HR

First-principles calculations based on density functional theory have been done on the technologically important organic material 2,3-dideoxy-d-erythro-hex-2-enono-1,4-lactone [C6H8O4]. The triclinic structure of the material has been simulated and the structural parameters are found to be a=4.057Å, b=4.263Å, c=8.261Å, α=88.62°, β=80.36°, γ=65.13°. After fluorination the structural parameters are found to be a=4.156Å, b=4.488Å, c=7.652Å, α=83.10°, β=84.51°, γ=84.82°. Electron density of states (EDOS) has been computed in the material using the electronic structure calculation code of quantum-espresso which gives a band gap of 3.17 eV. After fluorination the band gap is found to be 3.14 eV. The value of dielectric constant in the material comes out to be 2.2508, 2.4991 and 2.9935 along x, y and z axes respectively and the average value comes out to be 2.58. After fluorination the dielectric constant of the compound comes out to be 2.3631, 2.3547 and 2.7103 along x, y and z axes respectively and the average value comes out to be 2.48. The computed phonon modes range from 357 cm-1 to 3555 cm-1. After fluorination the phonon modes range from 300 cm-1 to 3493 cm-1.


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