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Genetic Code Peer-review Journal

Genetic code helps in carrying the knowledge of living cells by DNA and RNA molecules. The ordering is that the set of rules by which information encoded within genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) is translated into proteins by living cells. This help in determining the aminoalkanoic acid sequence utilized in the synthesis of an organism proteins. The ordering is almost universal, and therefore the arrangement of the codons within the standard codon table is very non-random. The three main concepts on the origin and evolution of the code are the stereochemical theory, consistent with which codon assignments are dictated by physico-chemical affinity between amino acids and therefore the cognate codons (anticodons); the coevolution theory, which posits that the code structure coevolved with aminoalkanoic acid biosynthesis pathways; and therefore the error minimization theory under which selection to attenuate the adverse effect of point mutations and translation errors was the principal factor of the code’s evolution. These theories aren't mutually exclusive and also are compatible with the frozen accident hypothesis, i.e., the notion that the quality code may need no special properties but was fixed just because all extant life forms share a standard ancestor, with subsequent changes to the code, mostly, precluded by the deleterious effect of codon reassignment. Peer review is that the evaluation of labor by one or more people with similar competencies because the producers of the work. It functions as a sort of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field.