Forensic anthropology is a particular sub-field of physical anthropology (the study of human remains) that involves use of skeletal analysis and techniques in archaeology to solve criminal cases. When human remains or a suspected burial are found, forensic anthropologists are called upon to gather information from the bones and their recovery context to know who died, how they died, and how long ago they died. Forensic anthropologists expertize in analyzing hard tissues such as bones. With their training in archaeology, they are also knowledgeable about digging buried remains and meticulously taking the evidence.
Forensic anthropologists are also instrumental in the investigation and documentation of genocide and mass graves. Along with forensic pathologists, forensic dentists, and homicide investigators, forensic anthropologists commonly testify in court as expert spectates. Using physical markers present on a skeleton, a forensic anthropologist can potentially detect a person's age, sex, stature, and ancestry. This is useful in identifying living individuals for legal purposes such as undocumented immigrants.