Phytochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Trametes Species Collected Three Districts of Ondo State, Nigeria

Author(s): Fagbohungbe YD and Oyetayo VO

Trametes species (L) collected fromAkure,Akoko andOre districts ofOndo State, Nigeria were assessed for their phytochemical and antioxidant properties. Three extracting solvents viz: ethanol, ethyl acetate and hexane were used in extracting of bioactive components from the fungus. Extract yield was higher in ethanol extract of Trametes species when compared to yield from other extracting solvents. Qualitative analysis revealed the presence of flavonoids; tannins, terpenoid, saponnin, steroid and cardiac glycosides in the extracts. Antioxidant property of the extracts was assessed using scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Ethanol extracts exhibited better antioxidant property with values as high as 84.88%, 80.72% and 66.91% for extract of Trametes species from Akure (TETA), extract of Trametes species. from Ore (TETO) and extract of Trametes species from Ikare Akoko (TETAKK) respectively at 2mg/ml compared to control butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) with the scavenging effect of 86.97%. The extracts displayed concentration dependent DPPH scavenging activity. The study suggests that this wild macro fungus could be source of effective antioxidant.

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