Isolation and identification of UTI bacteria and inhibition of their growth by some herbal extracts

Author(s): Anitha Thomas, Anandakumar

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria and are 10 times more common among women than men. More than 50% of women will have at least one UTI during their lifetime; for most of these infections, patients need to see a doctor and be treated with antibiotics[1]. About 30 - 40%of UTIs recur within 6months after the initial episode.When UTIs do recur, it is often because the treatments used to suppress bacteria seem to work at first, but they do not produce a lasting cure[2]. UTIs can also recur if a woman is infected by different bacteria. Signs of a UTI might include an urgency to urinate, pain when urinating, scalding urine, pelvic aching, lower/middle back pain, fever andmalaise[3]. UTIs have become increasingly ‘antibiotic resistant’, subsequently making herbal therapies critical. While upper UTIs (kidneys/ureters) are potentially serious, typically requiring medical attention, lower UTIs (bladder/ urethra) are common and usually respond well to herbal therapies[4]. Treating a lower UTI early can help prevent it from advancing into an upper UTI[5]. During the present study 40 urine samples were collected fromlabMeerut. Out of 40 urine samples, 30 (75%) wrer found positive for urinary tract infection. Out of the 30 infected samples 20 (66.7%) were female patients and 10(33.3%) samples were male patients. 58 bacterial strains were isolated from 30 urine samples. Different strains of E,coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas,Proteus, Staphylococcus, Enterobacter and Strepotococcus were isolated from the samples.

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