Original Article
Res Rev Biosci, Volume: 12( 1)

Distribution Pattern and Enumeration of Various Plant Species in Rangareddy District - Telangana State

*Correspondence:
Naresh K Department of Botany, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India,
Tel: 040 2768 2444; E- mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 10, 2017 Accepted Date: April 19, 2017 Published Date: April 27, 2017

Citation:Naresh K, Avinash KJ, Venkateshwar C. Distribution Pattern and Enumeration of Various Plant Species in Rangareddy District - Telangana State. Res Rev Biosci. 2017;12(1):115.

Abstract

Rangareddy is one of the districts of Telangana state which is known for its low nutrient soils supporting growth of some of the inferior plants species 2016 (Feb) - 2017 (Feb). This research have emphasized on dividing the vegetation found in the district in to two categories that is forest vegetation and non- forest vegetation. The vegetation found in the field area was further divided in to various groups depending on morphological characters shown by them. A vast exploration was conducted where in the researcher have visited various niches to observe the versatility seen in the respective regions. It has been found that the field area is inhabited by various types of plants belonging to families like Leguminosae, (109) Poaceae (70), Cyperaceae (56), Euphorbiaceae (33), Asteraceae (32), Acanthaceae (24), Rubiaceae (19), Convolvulaceae (17), Lamiaceae (17) and Asclepiadaceae (14). During the studies the predominant of the plants observed belonged to Leguminosae family. This study can be further preceded by doing a detailed analysis of the soil for its physicochemical characters which specifically supported the growth of Leguminosae members.

Keywords

Morphology; Vegetation; Plant collection; Rangareddy; Enumeration; Medicinal plants

Introduction

Ranga reddy district lies between 160?30?? and 180?20?? of North latitudes and 77?30?? and 79?30?? of East longitudes. The total geographical area of the district is 7493 sq. Km. Taking 20th position in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The district has 1055 villages and 5 towns with a population of 25.52 lakhs (15th in position in Andhra Pradesh). The district is bounded on the north by Medak district on south by Mahaboobnagar district, on east by Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh and on west by Bidar district of Karnataka. The district is divided into 37 revenue mandals and 3 revenue divisions namely Vikarabad, Chevella and Hyderabad East. The main towns of Ranga Reddy district are HayatNagar, Tandur, Ibrahimpatnam, Medchal and Vikarabad. The major soils of the district may be categorised into red earths comprising loamy sands (dubha), sandy loams (chalaka) and sandy clay loams. The red earth cover 70 percent of the area while the red and black soil comprising clay loams, clays and salty clays cover 20 per cent. The remaining 10 percent of the area is covered by mixed soils. The red loamy sand which occurs on strongly sloping terrain is also found to large extent. Quartz is the principal mineral of this district and its estimated reserve is about 5 million tonnes. Feldspar, clay, amethyst and lateritic is also present. Lime stone is found in plenty in Tandur. The estimated reserve of the cement grade lime stone in the block is 173 million tonnes. Granite (building and road material) is also abundant. The climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and generally dry weather except during south- west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons i.e., winter (December - February), summer (March - May), south- west monsoon season (June - September) and post- monsoon season (October - November). The average annual rainfall in the district in the district is 802.1 mm, bulk of which comes from south- west monsoon from June to September. May is the hottest month with means daily temperature at 39.6°C. With the onset of monsoon in June there is appreciable drop in temperature. By the beginning of November decrease in day and night temperature is rapid. December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 28.6°C and mean daily minimum temperature sometimes drops down to 70°C. The chief river of the district is the Musi which in the Anantagiri hills near Sivareddypet village in Vikarabad Mandal. It flows almost due eastpassing through the middle of Hyderabad city into Nalgonda district where it joins the Krishna river near Vadalpalle. Another river called Kanga rises in Vikarabad taluk and it drains a number of villages in the east while Tandur and Vikarabad taluks.

Review of Literature

A total of 1945 taxa (including 163 cultivated taxa) [1] spread over 1891 species belonging to 794 genera and 147 families occur in Telangana state. The largest families are Fabaceae (Leguminosae) (273 species; 191+40+42), Poaceae (208 species), Cyperaceae (126 species), Euphorbiaceae (118), Asteraceae (84), Acanthaceae (60), Rubiaceae (50), Malvaceae (47), Lamiaceae (42), Convolvulaceae (39), Asclepiadaceae (36) and Scrophulariaceae (29). Orchidaceae, one of the top ten families in Flora of India is represented by only 12 species in the State of Telangana. Largest genera are Cyperus (42 species), Euphorbia (29), Crotalaria (28), Fimbristylis (25 species), Indigofera (20), Ficus (18), Ipomoea (18), Acacia, Eragrostis and Phyllanthus (17 species each).

Medicinal plants which are being used by folklore communities on reproductive disorders in the Vikarabad Mandal of Ranga Reddy District, AP. as reported by Dr. N. Ramkrishna and CH. Saidulu

The field survey was carried out covering different seasons over a period of one year (2008 - 2009) in the Vikarabad Mandal by covering 30 habitation and villages of ranga reddy district. The present study recorded 18 species of medicinal plants belonging to 16 genera under 13 families used in reproductive disorders of human beings. 3 species each was identified by the study belong to the families Moraceae and Ceasalpianaceae. 2 species recorded from Papilionaceae and one species each from the families of Apocynaceae, Burseraceae, Capparidaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Gentianaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Liliaceae, Malvaceae, Menispermaceae and Zygophyllaceae. Out of these total numbers of plant species 9 are trees, 4 herbs, 3 climbers and 2 shrubs.

Geography of Ranga Reddy District in Telangana is determined by its location at the central portion of the Deccan plateau. (http://www.indianetzone.com/44/geography_ranga_red)

It is on record that, in 1900s Ranga Reddy District with its low shrubby jungles was the home of leopards, bears, hyenas and occasionally tigers while in the more opened plains the antelope were in plenty. The game reserves for the ruling family in the erstwhile Hyderabad State and were stocked with them for the exclusive enjoyment of the nobles. Now the forests have receded into narrow pockets and so also the game. Blackbuck, Chital or Spotted deer and Sambar can still be seen in Rasanam (Rasanam), Dharur (Gingurthi) Tattepalli, Nagulpalle and Thirumalapur (Thirmapur), Goka feasal war (Rangampally) Naskal Forest blocks, Wild boar is found all over the forests. Jackal and fox are common even now in the open. Also, Peacock and jungle fowl are seen in Ananthagiri block. Partridges and wild pigeons are common. In the cold season, wild duck, geese, teal and snipe can be seen in the small and large tanks of the District.

Aim and Objectives

To identify the total plant species in Rangareddy district and prepare the herbarium for future reference.

1. Identify and collection of plant species.

2. Collection of forest and non- forest plants.

3. Plants were collected in either flowering or fruiting stages.

4. Each collection of individual species was labelled with field numbers in quadruplicate.

5. Collection of medicinally important plants.

Material and Methods

Forests and vegetation

Rangareddy district cannot boast of any important timber yielding forests because of low rainfall and comparatively inferior soil condition aggravated by the ever increasing biotic interference. The soils have very little plant nutrients and so they support only inferior type of forests. The forest area in the district is 72,795.32 hectares against the geographical area of 7, 56,289.33 hectares. The forest area covers about 9.7 per cent of the total geographical area of the district as against the minimum 33.3 percent desirable according to National Forest Policy. The forests of Rangareddy can be classified under Tropical Dry Deciduous forests based on the classification of champion and Seth in 1968. The forests can be categorized into 4 types namely

Teak forests: In these forests Tectona grandis is predominant constituting 40 percent of tree population. The forest blocks showing these forests include Mohammadabad, Kothapalli, Kanmankalva, Kusumasamudram and Anana sagar beats of Mohammadabad range, Anantagiri, Rudraram and Dharur blocks in Vikarabad range. However, due to illegal and indiscriminate felling of Teak trees these forests are being reduced to mixed and open type at an alarming rate.

Dry mixed deciduous forests: These forests are characterized by less proportion of teak with the predominance of other trees like Anogeissus latifolia, Madhuca indica, T. Bellairica, Dalbergia paniculata, Pterocarpus marsupium etc. These types of forests are present in Rangammagudem, Kondapur and Gadirayal beats of Mohammadabad range, Pargi, tandur and Vikarabad of Vikarabad range.

This stratum comprises of species like the following (Table 1).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Anogeissu slatifolia Combretaceae Sirimanu Bark
2. Boswellia serrata Bursaraceae Guggilam Whole plant
3. Bombax ceiba Malvaceae Buruga Bark
4. Buchnania lanzan Anacardiaceae Morrhi Bark, fruits
5. Coreya arborea Lecythidiaceae Budatha dadima Bark
6. Chloroxylon swietenia Rutaceae Billudu Whole plant
7. Dalbergia paniculata Fabaceae Kondapachari Leaves, bark
8. Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae Jittegi Bark
9. Diospyros melanoxylon Ebenaceae Tuniki Whole plant
10. Garuga pinnata Bursaraceae Konda vepa Bark
11. Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae Gummuduteku Root and bark
12. Haldina cordifolia Rubiacae Pasupu kadamba Bark and leaves
13. Lannea coromandelica Anacardiaceae Ajashrungi Bark and leaves
14. Miliusato mentosa Anonaceae Nalla dadduga Mature fruits
15. Pterocarpus marsupium Santalaceae Erra chandanam Heart wood, leaves
16. Semecarpus anacardium Anacardiaceae Jeedi Whole plant
17. Sterculi aurens Sterculiaceae Kavili Gum
18. Strychnos potatorum Loganiacae Chilla ginja Seeds, roots, fruits
19. Tectona grandis Verbenaceae Teku Whole plant
20. Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae Tellamaddi Bark
21. Terminalia elliptica Combretaceae Inumaddi Bark and fruit

Table 1. List of large tree members (some imp. examples)

This stratum comprises of species like the following: (Table 2).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Bauhinia racemosa Ceasolpinaceae Tella are chettu Bark and flower
2. Dolichandrone falcate Bignoniaceae Chittivoddi Bark, leaves, fruits
3. Butea monosperma Fabaceae Moduga Bark, flowers
4. cassia fistula Ceasolpinaceae Relachettu Bark and fruit
5. Diospyros Montana Ebenaceae Kakavulimidi Fruits
6. Holarrhenapubescens Apocyanaceae Girimallika Root and bark
7. Nyctanthesarbortristis Oleaceae Parijathamu Leaves and seeds
8. Streblus asper Moraceae Barrenka Stem bark, latex
9. Acacia leucocephala Mimosaceae Tellatumma Bark and pods
10. Cordia obliqua. Boraginaceae Iriki Fruits

Table 2. List of tree members (some imp. examples)

Common shrubs seen in these forests are as follows: (Table 3).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Alangium salvifolium Alangiaceae Udugu Ankol root bark
2. Bridelia retusa Phyllanthaceae Kora maddi Bark
3. Canthium parviflorum Rubiaceae Balusu Leaves
4. Catuna regumspinosa Rubiaceae Marrga Fruit and bark
5. Pavetta indica Rubiaceae Papidi Roots and leaves
6. Premna latifolia Verbenaceae Nelli Roots
7. Ziziphus xylopyrus Rhamnaceae Kottachettu Leaves, bark, roots

Table 3. List of shrubs (some imp. examples)

Common herbs seen in these forests are as follows (Table 4).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Anisochilu scarnosus Lamiaceae Rodda Whole plant
2. Abelmoschus ficulneus Malvaceae Nallabenda Leaves
3. Biophytum sensitivum Oxalidaceae Jala pupa Whole plant
4. Spermacoce articularis Rubiaceae Madanaku Leaves, aerial parts
5. Crotalaria Fabaceae Janumu Roots and seeds
6. Desmodium gangticum Plantaginaceae Deyyamjeda Flowers
7. Polygala spp. Polygalaceae Paruppukikkirai Root, bark, leaves

Table 4. List of herbs (some imp. examples)

Plants occurring near water courses include the following: (Table 5).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Hygrophila auriculata Acanthaceae Enugu palleru Stem, flower, root
2. Caesulia axillaris Asteraceae Tellajiluga Leaves, stem, seeds
3. Commelina benghalensis Commeliniaceae Ennoddulagaddi Flowering spathe

Table 5. List of plants near water courses (some imp. examples)

Climbers and stragglers constitute a rich flora in the district. These include the following (TableS 6- 8).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Ampelocissus latifolia Vitaceae Adaviteegadraksha Leaves
2. Cissus vitiginea Vitaceae Nallatheege Stem bark
3. Hemidesmus indicus Asclepediaceae Sugandipaala Root
4. Cayratia trifolia Vitaceae Pulimada Whole plant
5. Celastrus paniculatus Celastraceae Kasaratheega Stem bark, seeds
6. Cocculus hirsutus Menispermaceae Dusratheega Stem, leaves
7. Gymnema sylvestre Apocyanaceae Podapatri Leaves, stem
8. Pergularia daemia Asclepediaceae Gutugudu Leaves
9. Wattaka volubilis Asclepediaceae Dudipaala theega Shoot tip
10. Derris scandens Fabaceae Chiruthali baadu Stem
11. Paracalyx scariosus Fabacaeae Rangevaada Root
12. Rivea hypocrateriformis Convolvulaceae Neeru boddi Roots
13 Bauhinia vahlii Ceasolpinaceae Addachettu Flower buds, bark

Table 6. List of climbers (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Mnesithea granularis Poaceae Naali punuku Whole plant
2. Heteropogon contortus Poaceae Nalla etegaddi Leaves
3. Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae Nimma gaddi Leaves
4. Cyperus spp, Poaceae Tunga gaddi Tubers

Table 7. List of grasses and sedges (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Cassytha filiformis Lauraceae Akasha valli Whole plant
2. Dendrophthoe falcata Loranthaceae Jeevakam Whole plant
3. striga spp. Scropulariaceae Rathi badamika Aerial parts
4. Vanda tessellate Orchidaceae Chitti veduri Roots

Table 8. List of parasites and epiphytes (some imp. examples)

Scrub jungle: Scrub jungle is situated at the foot of the hills where the surface soil is very shallow and layers of sandy or gravely loam which is eroded in exposed regions. The vegetation of the scrubs us characterized by shrubs and sub shrubs like (Table 9).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Capparis zeylanica Capparidaceae Adonda Stem and leaves
2. Mimosa rubicaulis Mimosaceae Kodimudusu Roots and leaves
3. Mimosa pudica Mimosaceae Attipatti Leaves
4. Ziziphus oenoplia Rhamnaceae Pariki Bark and leaves
5. Opuntia stricta Cactaceae Nagajemudu Fruit
6. Carissa spinarum Apocyanaceae Kavali Unripe fruit, root
7. Lantana camara Verbenaceae Sisakammari Roots and flowers
8. Maytenus emarginata Celastraceae Chinni tuppa Stem, leaves
9. Dichrostachys cinerea Mimosaceae Velthuru Stem
10. Dodonaea viscose Sapindaceae Pulcheru Whole plant

Table 9. List of scrub jungle plants (some imp. examples)

These forests are distributed throughout the district, more so in areas bordering Karnataka.

Dry savannahs

These forests are characterized by the presence of species like the following (Table 10).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular name Medicinally useful part
1. Cassia ariculata Ceasolpinaceae Tangedu Bark and roots
2. Lantana camara Verbenaceae Sisakammari Stem and leaves
3. Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae Nimmagaddi leaves
4. Heteropogon contortus Poaceae Nalla ete gaddi Roots and leaves

Table 10. List of dry savannahs (some imp. examples)

Non forest vegetation

The non- forest vegetation includes terrestrial vegetation and aquatic vegetation.

Terrestrial vegetation: It includes all waste lands, hedges, roadsides, villages and cultivated lands. i.e., waste lands, roadsides and villages. Ipomoea carnea is predominant in waste lands especially along roadsides and hedges of fields. Other plants which are generally distributed in waste lands are as follows: (Table 11).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Ipomoea carnea Convolvulaceae Lottapeece Stem and leaves
2. Croton bonplandianum Euphorbiaceae Alpa bedi soump Root, latex, stem
3. Acalypha indica Euphorbiaceae Muripenda Whole plant
4. Achyranthes aspera Amaranthaceae Uttareni Leaves and spike
5. Boerhavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae Punarnava Roots
6. Alternanthera sessilis Amaranthaceae Dubbaku tuttura Whole plant
7. Tribulus terrestris Zygophyllaceae Chinna pallere Dry fruits
8. Cassia occidentalis Ceasolpinaceae Adavi tangedu Bark and leaves
9. Ziziphus mauritiana Rhamnaceae Regu chettu Bark
10. Calotropis procera Asclepediaceae Tella jilledu Leaves and latex
11. Amaranthus viridis Amaranthaceae Chilaka thotakura Root and leaves
12. Martynia annua Martyniaceae Deyyam gollu Fruits
13. Solanum surrattense Solanaceae Ramulka Whole plant

Table 11. List of terrestrial vegetation in waste lands (some imp. examples)

Along roadsides and villages following trees are generally present. They are as follows (TableS 12- 14):

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Acacia nilotica Mimosaceae Nalla tumma Bark and pods
2. Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae Dirisena Bark
3. Annonas quamosa Annonaceae Seethaphal Bark, leaves
4. Borassus flabellifer Arecaceae Thati chettu Young root and flower stalk
5. Casssia siamea Ceasolpinaceae Sima tangedu Leaves
6. Dalbergia sissoo Fabaceae Irugudu chettu Bark and leaves
7. Delonix elata Ceasolpinaceae Chitti keshwarm Roots
8. Delonix regia Ceasolpinaceae Erra turai Seed coat
9. Millingtonia hortensis Bignoniaceae Pedda malle Roots
10. Pongamia pinnata Fabaceae Kanugu Bark, leaves, flowers
11. Peltophorump terocarpum Ceasolpinaceae Konda chintha Bark, fruits
12. Samanea saman Mimosaceae Nidra ganneru Inner bark
13. Phoenix sylvestris Arecaceae Eetha chettu Fruits, leaves
14. Tamarindus indica Solanaceae Chintha chettu Bark, fruits, stem
15. Azadirachta indica. Meliaceae Vepa chettu Whole plant

Table 12. List of terrestrial vegetation in roadsides and villages (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Abutilon indicum Malvaceae Botla benda Bark and leaves
2. Caesalpinia pulcherrima Ceasolpinaceae Rathna gandhi Whole plant
3. Caesalpinia Bonduc Ceasolpinaceae Gachakai Kernel
4. Caesalpinia decapetala Ceasolpinaceae Gadda korinda Roots, stem, pods
5. Canthium parviflorum Rubiaceae Balusu Whole plant
6. Catunaregam spinosa Rubiaceae Marrga Seeds
7. Euphorbia tirucalli Euphorbiaceae Chemudu chettu Milky juice
8. Lawsonia inermis Lythraceae Mydaku Seeds and bark
9. Parkinsonia aculeata Fabaceae Seema thumma Leaf, fruit, stem

Table 13. List of terrestrial vegetation in hedges (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Cyperus rotundus Poaceae Tunga Rhizome
2. Eclipta prostrata Asteraceae Gunta galagara Leaves
3. Digera muricata Amaranthaceae Chenchali chettu Leaf and root
4. Echinochloa colona Poaceae Othagaddi Seeds
5. Cynodon dactylon Poaceae Garika gaddi Whole plant
6. Eleusine indica Poaceae Kuruchodi gaddi Leaves
7. Leucas aspere Lamiaceae Thummi Leaves
8. Cleome spp., Cleomaceae Kukka vaminta Stem and leaves
9. Rothia indica Fabaceae Nucha kura Whole plant

Table 14. List of terrestrial vegetation in cultivated fields (some imp. examples)

Aquatic vegetation: The rivers, tanks, ponds, ditches, streams, canals, stagnant water and moist places are the site of aquatic plants which may be classified as follows (TableS 15- 17).

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Hydrilla verticillata Hydrochritaceae Poonaachu Whole plant
2. Limnophila indica Scropulariaceae Burada bakkena Leaves
3. Ottelia alismoides Hydrochritaceae Erukula thaamra Leaves
4. Aponogeton natans Aponogetonaceae Nanna puvvumokka Whole plant
5. Monochoria vaginails Pantederiaceae Nirakancha Leaves

Table 15. List of submerged hydrophytes (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
1. Nymphaea nouchali Nympheaceae Neeli tamara Rhizome
2. Nelumbo nucifera, Nympheaceae Tamara Leaves and flowers
3. Pistia stratiotes Araceae Antara tamara Leaves and roots

Table 16. List of floating hydrophytes (some imp. examples)

S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part
  Aeschynomene indica Fabaceae Tella jeeluga Whole plant
  Ammannia baccifera Lythraceae Agni vendrapaaku Leaves
  Bacopa monnieri Scrophulariaceae Brahmi Leaves and stem
  Cleome chelidonil Cleomaceae Konda avaalu Whole plant
  Echinochloa crusgalli Poaceae Othagaddi Shoot and root
  Hygrophila auriculata Acanthaceae Enugu palleru Whole plant
  Typha angustata Typhaceae Dabbu jambu Leaves and roots
  Sopubia delphinifolia Scrophulariaceae Dudhali chettu Whole plant

Table 17. List of 3 emergent hydrophytes (some imp. examples)

Besides these Terminalia arjuna is common along river banks. Eleocharis spp., Eriocaulon spp., Ischaemum pilosum, Oryza rufipogon, Sacciolepis interrupts. Schoenoplectus spp. is common in marshy localities.

Results and Discussion

Intensive explorations were conducted in different parts of the district during different seasons of the year for a period of 2016- 2017. Exploration trips were regularly made in every season and in all the representative localities of the district from floristic point of view covered all topographical zones and noted the seasonal changes of the vegetation [2].

Plants were collected in either flowering or fruiting stages and if available both the stages with good vegetation growth were collected. Each collection of individual species was labelled with field numbers in quadruplicate after nothing the details of plant description such as habit, habitat, flower colour, smell, relative abundance of the plant and its distribution on a standard field note book. Details about the altitude, soil and rocks are also entered in the field note book. Care was also taken in collecting the bulbs, corms, rhizomes, tubers etc. In case of plants in vegetative stages in a particular field trip localities of these plants were carefully marked in the field note book [3]. These could be easily spotted in the flowering and fruiting stages at later dates.

Floristical analysis

A total of 698 wild and naturalized species belonging to 409 genera and 110 families have been enumerated. Of these angiosperms constitute 693 species while Pteridophytes constitute 4 species.

The ratio of Monocotyledons to Dicotyledons is 1:5.23 of families (17:89) 1:4.17 of genera (77:328) and 1:3.2 of species (160:529). The ratio of genera to species in Angiosperma is 1:1.68. In British India it is 1:7. This pattern of distribution of genera and species confirms the general rule that, smaller the area smaller the genus- species ratio.

The family leguminosae with 109 species (comprising Papilionaceae with 74 species, Caesalpiniaceae 23 and Mimosaceae 19) is dominant in Ranga Reddy district.

Cyprus is the largest genus with 16 species, followed by Fimbristylis (14), Cassia (10), Eragrastis (9), Euphorbia (9), Indigofera (9), Ipomoea (9), Crotalaria (7), Grewia (7) and Phyllanthus [4-6].

Conclusion

As it is been already mentioned about the nutritive value of the soil supported growth of inferior varieties of plants and it is also been seen that the varieties found were limited when compared with other areas. In this we conclude the flora of Rangareddy district, contains mostly, herbaceous, shrubby and tree members are showing dominant flora [7-10]. The past work conducted in 2000- 2001 year that results are similar to present work but some plants are in endemic stage and some exotic plants are exhibited they are shown above table (Table 18).

S. No. Name of the Family No. of Species
1 Leguminosae 109
2 Poaceae 70
3 Cyperaceae 56
4 Euphorbiaceae 33
5 Asteraceae 32
6 Acanthaceae 24
7 Rubiaceae 19
8 Convolvulaceae 17
9 Lamiaceae 17
10 Asclepiadaceae 14

Table 18. Dominant ten families in Rangareddy District, Telangana State

Acknowledgement

would like to thank the funding agency that is UGC – CAS- I (SAP- II) for its timely support [11-17]. It is a privilege to work under the guidance of my co- ordinator Prof. C. Venkateshwara, Department of botany, Osmania University who has been a guiding and motivating spirit for doing my work effectively. I would render my special thanks to the Department of Botany, Osmania University for providing space to assimilate the work in written form [18-20].

References