Parası kalmadığı için otobüse binemiyordur ailesi porno izle ona daha yeni para gönderdiği için tekrar porno istemeye utanınca mecburen otostop çekmek için youporn çantasını alarak yol kenarına gelir etekli porno liseli türk kız yol kenarında dururken yanına yaklaşan porno kibar bir gencin onu gideceği yere kadar bırakmak porno izle istemesine çok mutlu olur arabaya bindiklerinde gideceği yer ile porno arabayı kullanan adamın gittiği yer arasında çok mesafe sex izle farkı olduğunu anlayan türk kız bu yaptığı porno indir iyilik karşısında arabada ona memelerini açar porno sapıklaşan adam yol kenarındaki hotelde durarak porno izle üniversiteli otostop çeken türk kızına odada sakso çektirip sikerA Potential Biosynthetic Pathway for Silica Acid can be used to Increase the Sialylation of Therapeutic Glycoproteins| Abstract

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Abstract

A Potential Biosynthetic Pathway for Silica Acid can be used to Increase the Sialylation of Therapeutic Glycoproteins

Author(s): Daniel Fardin

The number of therapeutic proteins has increased dramatically over the past years and most of the therapeutic proteins in the market today are glycoproteins. Usually, recombinant glycoproteins are produced in mammalian cell lines, such as Chinese-hamster-ovary-cells to obtain mammalian-type of glycosylation. The terminal monosaccharide of N-linked complex glycans is typically occupied by sialic acid. Presence of this sialic acid affects absorption, serum half-life, and clearance from the serum, as well as the physical, chemical and immunogenic properties of the respective glycoprotein. From a manufacturing perspective, the degree of sialylation is crucial since sialylation varies the function of the product. In addition, insufficient or inconsistent sialylation is also a major problem for the process consistency. Sialylation of overexpressed glycoproteins in all mammalian cell lines commonly used in biotechnology for the production of therapeutic glycoproteins is incomplete and there is a need for strategies leading to homogenous, naturally sialylated glycoproteins. This review will shortly summarize the biosynthesis of sialic acids and describe some recent strategies to increase or modify sialylation of specific therapeutic glycoproteins. 


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