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Tularemia

 Tularemia, also referred to as rabbit fever, is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. Symptoms may additionally encompass fever, pores and skin ulcers, and enlarged lymph nodes. Occasionally, a form that consequences in pneumonia or a throat contamination might also arise. The bacterium is normally spread via ticks, deer flies, or contact with inflamed animals. It may also be spread by way of drinking contaminated water or inhaling infected dirt. It does now not spread at once among human beings. Diagnosis is by blood exams or cultures of the infected website. Prevention is through the usage of insect repellent, sporting long pants, hastily getting rid of ticks, and no longer annoying lifeless animals. Treatment is commonly with the antibiotic streptomycin. Gentamicin, doxycycline, or ciprofloxacin will also be used. Between the Nineteen Seventies and 2015, around two hundred cases are reported in the United States a year. Males are affected greater regularly than girls. It takes place maximum frequently inside the younger and the center aged. In america, maximum cases occur inside the summer time. The disorder is called after Tulare County, California, wherein the disease became located in 1911. A variety of other animals, together with rabbits, can also be infected.

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