Science Journals Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  The development of resonance imaging (MRI) to be used in medical investigation has provided an enormous forward leap within the field of diagnosis, particularly with avoidance of exposure to potentially dangerous ionizing radiation. With decreasing costs and better availability, the utilization of MRI is becoming ever more pervasive throughout clinical practice. Understanding the principles underlying this imaging modality and its multiple applications can be used to appreciate the benefits and limitations of its use, further informing clinical decision-making. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) phenomenon was first described experimentally by both Bloch and Purcell in 1946, for which they were both awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1952. The technique has rapidly evolved since then, following the introduction of wide-bore superconducting magnets (approximately 30 years ago), allowing development of clinical applications. The first clinical resonance images were produced in Nottingham and Aberdeen in 1980, and resonance imaging (MRI) is now a widely available, powerful clinical tool.3, 4 This article covers a quick synopsis of basic principles in MRI, followed by an summary of current applications in practice . An article may be a word that's used with a noun to specify grammatical definiteness of the noun, and in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope. The articles in English grammar are the and a/an, and in certain contexts some. Journal articles may include original research, re-analyses of research, reviews of literature in a specific area, proposals of new but untested theories, or opinion pieces