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Ischemic Stroke

The blockage reduces the blood flow and oxygen to the brain, leading to damage or death of brain cells. If circulation isn't restored quickly, brain damage can be permanent. Approximately 87 percent of all strokes are ischemic stroke. The bulk of recovery occurs by about three months after the stroke, Cole says. After that, gains are incremental. Still, he says, people who are diligent with their rehabilitation can continue to improve for up to two years. Physical, speech-language and occupational therapy help restore function to the body. Ischemic stroke can be caused by several different kinds of diseases. The most common problem is narrowing of the arteries in the neck or head. This is most often caused by atherosclerosis, or gradual cholesterol deposition. If the arteries become too narrow, blood cells may collect and form blood clots.

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