Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is resulting from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In many cases, M tuberculosis contamination turns into latent before development to active TB disease. Patients who're infected however who have no clinical, bacteriological, or radiographic evidence of active TB are said to have latent TB infection. When there's progression from latent infection to lively disease, it most generally involves the lungs and is communicable on this form, but may affect nearly any organ system consisting of the lymph nodes, CNS, bones/joints, genito-urinary tract, abdomen (intra-belly organs, peritoneum), and pericardium. When TB takes place in organ systems aside from the lungs, it is known as extrapulmonary TB (EPTB).Tuberculosis outdoor the lung generally results from hematogenous dissemination. Sometimes infection immediately extends from an adjacent organ. Symptoms vary with the aid of site but generally consist of fever, malaise, and weight loss. Diagnosis is most often via sputum smear and tradition and, increasingly, through fast molecular-based totally diagnostic tests. Treatment is with a couple of antimicrobial drugs given for as a minimum 6 mo.

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