All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Electroretinography Innovations

 Electroretinography measures the electrical reactions of different cell types in the retina, including the photoreceptors (bars and cones), inward retinal cells (bipolar and amacrine cells), and the ganglion cells. Cathodes are set on the outside of the cornea (DTL silver/nylon fiber string or ERG Jet) or on the skin underneath the eye (Sensor Strips) to gauge retinal reactions. Retinal shade epithelium (RPE) reactions are estimated with an EOG test with skin-contact anodes set close to the canthi. During an account, the patient's eyes are presented to normalized boosts and the subsequent sign is shown demonstrating the time course of the sign's plentifulness (voltage). Signs are exceptionally little, and ordinarily are estimated in microvolts or nanovolts. The ERG is made out of electrical possibilities contributed by various cell types inside the retina, and the improvement conditions (glimmer or example boost, regardless of whether a foundation light is available, and the shades of the upgrade and foundation) can inspire more grounded reaction from specific segments. On the off chance that a diminish streak ERG is performed on a dim adjusted eye, the reaction is basically from the bar framework. The top open access journals are freely available on the public internet domain, allowing any end users to read, download, copy, distribute, prink, search or link to the full texts of the articles. These provide high quality, meticulously reviewed and rapid publication, to cater the insistent need of scientific community. These journals are indexed with all their citations noted. The top open access journals are indexed in SCOPUS, COPERNICUS, CAS, EBSCO and ISI.