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Review on Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Rare Flesh Eating Disease

Author(s): Ravi Kiran Raparthi and Naresh R

Necrotizing Fasciitis is a rare disease that is often called as the Flesh Eating Disease, which leads to the damage of the body’s soft tissue which is said to be as fascia. It is a severe cause which includes the severe body pain, itching, fever and vomiting. Most probable body parts which are likely to be get affected by fasciitis is perineum and limbs. The probability of getting affected by this disease is more in the people with diabetes, cancer, alcoholism, obesity and elderly patients. This disease will not get affected from one to one by contact or by through any other mode as it is not an air-borne. In the initial stages of the fasciitis, the signs and symptoms will be like swelling in the soft tissues, discoloration in the skin, blisters, furthermore all this things will happen in the initial hours, where the redness of skin will takes place and there on subsequent necrosis will occur within the subcutaneous tissue. The major causing organism for this disease is MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and may cause by the other bacteria too. Major types of Type 1 (necrotizing fasciitis are polymicrobial), Type 2 (streptococcal MRSA group), Type 3 (gas gangrene), and others like marine organisms (candida and zygomecetes).

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