Pediatric Patient

The paediatric patient represents a gaggle in which various body modification techniques and general anaesthesia are most needed, often for behavioural management. However, paediatric patients cannot be treated as if they were just old. The drug dosages are usually to be adjusted to satisfy the specific needs of the child patient. Unfortunately, a surprising number of major problems that have arisen in relation to the use of revolutionary strategies in dental and health care over the past few years have occurred in paediatric patients.1-5 In Chapter 35, drugs and techniques have proven to be effective in paediatric patients. Disease patients show a unique motivation for surgery patients. A modified version of the RIFLE procedure (pRIFLE) has been proposed in paediatric patients with the use of creatinine clearance in serum creatinine and urine output measurements.28 there are few studies investigating postoperative AKI in children, and as many adults are from the cardiac surgery literature. The incidence of AKI among paediatric cardiac surgeons is estimated to be 30% to 50% and is associated with a significant increase in long-term hospital stay, length of care (ICU), burn days and mortality.29–32 Young. Children, especially those under 2 years of age, appear to be at very high risk.

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