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Author(s): James M. McCanney

The material in the current paper was written between the years 1979 – 1981, when I was fortunate enough to be on the faculty in both the Physics and Mathematics Departments of Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. This was when vast amounts of data were flowing in from NASA space probes arriving at many of the planets, and I had access to it in addition to Cornell’s Library of Congress with all journal publications present in the stacks including rare books. NASA had a large presence at Cornell which was a depository of all NASA data and staff of many resident NASA scientists. These all played important roles in the development of this work. Additionally, my personal research was attempting to find new mathematical methods of solving the N-Body problem of celestial mechanics. As a hypothetical, I included electric and magnetic fields to see what would result. By the time I arrived at Cornell I had mastered the important theoretical aspects of electric and magnetic fields in outer space and how they interacted with free plasma. As I daily was in data sessions seeing data from the planetary probes for the first time, I started seeing my theoretical work in the data. I also realized that the NASA scientists had no clue what they were looking at and frequently misinterpreted or simply ignored the data. I began publishing and was told by the head of the Mathematics Department that I was the only faculty member to be published in peer review astrophysics journals. This, however, was short lived. At that time there was sufficient evidence to show that the Big Bang Expanding Universe theoretical constructs were incorrect. Two of my papers were published in high level peer reviewed astrophysics journals only to be met with an unbelievable backlash and reprisal. These first two papers “Continuing Galactic Formation” and Saturn’s Sweeper Moons Predicted” were the first of many papers that had been submitted for publication building an entirely new restructuring of astrophysics. Although the editors of the journals were excited to publish my work, the scientific political arena raised a letter writing campaign that blocked my other papers from publication, so I had to publish it all for posterity in an obscure peer refereed journal to wait for the politically correct time to publish it. It appears that time has finally arrived. In private and over the past decades, I continued my research adding many new observations to the theoretical structure. I attended American Geophysical Union meetings as an independent scientist, gave invited talks presenting my work within the US Military physics community and Los Alamos National Laboratories to name a few. There was a dichotomy in acceptance. Tier 1 science arenas (what I call military science) was more than accepting of me and my work, stating that my work was 100% correct, whereas the Tier 2 (University peer review journal community) was less than accommodating. Another group that not only accepted my work, but regularly taught it in their course work, was through a lengthy collaboration with atmospheric physicists from the University of Novosibirsk in Central Russia in the mid-1990s. The Induced Electric Dipole Red Shift (IEDRS) was conceived during the Cornell Years. It is a laboratory verifiable effect that accounts for both the red shift and bending of light around fusion based objects (stars, galactic centers, quasars, etc). It essentially states that photons have a charge pair that can separate in a non-uniform electric field causing a slight attractive force and thus a red shift. Part of the discovery process was identifying the existence and source of the non-uniform electric fields around fusion based objects. It also exists in many forms in nature from the subatomic world (the basis of electron positron pair production) to cosmologically large structures and a host of other phenomena. A side effect details the real source of the microwave black body radiation (including its blotchy nature) showing that it is a remnant of a local nebular cloud of dust and gasses that surround our solar system. The work also answers the Einstein dilemma that General Relativity did not include the total field. Other difficulties long ignored include problems with the core fusion model of stellar objects (ref. private conversations with Hans Bethe). The result was the identification of fusion in the solar atmosphere ignited by energetic lightning discharges (an electric fire) which involves the separation of charge. This has led to an entirely different theoretical base and the restructuring of cosmology. When the smoke has cleared, very little if any of modern Big Bang cosmology will remain. There are many more processes related to non-uniform electric fields in outer space beyond the scope of this paper but will be briefly mentioned. This paper only concentrates on red shift and related topics germane to replacing the Big Bang cosmology.

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