The selection of generic technologies on industrial chain perspective for industrial cluster upgrading

Author(s): Zheng Jianzhuang, Jin Yuhan

The paper offers conceptual framework of industrial cluster generic technologies analysis based on industrial chain perspective (or general purpose technologies) according to the literature review. Three methodologies, that is, vertical industrial chain analysis, horizontal industrial chain analysis and cross chain analysis were adopted through typological case studies of Jiande hardware and electronic appliances industrial cluster, Linhai pharmaceutical and chemical industrial cluster, and Anji bamboo industrial cluster. Three findings are concluded as follows: firstly, as industrial clusters differs from industrial chain structures, selection of generic technology should be underpinned by industrial chain analysis; secondly, the generic technology shared by cluster may not be pure public goods, and enterprises rather than public institutions alone can undertake the R&D of general purpose technologies; thirdly, supply and organization of generic technology may differ depending on the industrial chain structural distinctiveness

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